[AAP] Ask a Philosopher - Question from Arnand Renie G. Dela Cruz

What makes ideas an idea?

Where do you find the world of ideas?

[AAP] Ask a Philosopher - Question from Annie Shaikh

How does Descartes distinguish imagination from intellection?

Answer by Jürgen Lawrenz

[AAP] Ask a Philosopher - Question from Chantel Bourgeault

Is John Perry's argument for claiming that memory is not the source of personal identity justified?

Answer by Jürgen Lawrenz

[AAP] Ask a Philosopher - Question from Ogunbase Daniel

How do you go about a question like this: "AIDS is real. Interrogate the claim from the metaphysical point of view."

[AAP] Ask a Philosopher - Question from Brett Abrahamsen

First, we can establish that being conscious of something is not necessary to be it: I am not conscious of myself when I am asleep, for example, but I am still myself. With this in mind, we can say that I was myself before I was conscious of it. I was me before my brain developed. We can then ask: before the sperm and egg came together to form me, was I the sperm, or the egg? There are four options: 1. I was neither, 2. I was both, 3. the sperm, 4. the egg. 1. is clearly absurd: if I was neither, I would not have been myself when they came together. I would have had no connection with them whatsoever. 2. is equally absurd. There is no reason that I would have been both the sperm and egg when they were at that point completely separate and in the bodies of different people. And to pick 3 over 4 seems arbitrary. So which option is the most sensible?

Answer by Geoffrey Klempner

Answer by Jürgen Lawrenz

[AAP] Ask a Philosopher - Question from Jeff Holcomb

Does the presence of hypocrisy in a religious adherent automatically invalidate the belief system he/ she professes to follow?

Answer by David Robjant

[AAP] Ask a Philosopher - Question from Maricar Nuevas

Under Athenian law, one could not be prosecuted for a crime if it could be shown that the action was done unwillingly, under duress, by threat of force, or from ignorance. If Socrates' view is correct, how could anyone be responsible for his or her actions? If one acts under the influence of passion or other non-rational motives, is one morally responsible? Can one be "willfully ignorant" of the law?

Answer by Jürgen Lawrenz