[AAP] Ask a Philosopher - Question from Siobhan Walter

How has taosim (Lao-Tzu) influenced western cultures? I'm writing an extended essay for the International Baccalaureate (IB) and am finding it hard to find resources. Could you also link websites or books if you have any to help answer the question?

Answer by J├╝rgen Lawrenz

[AAP] Ask a Philosopher - Question from Alex

1. What would you say our universal/ global existence is for?

2. Would you say humans are naturally inclined towards being good? or is being good just a social construct?

3. Why do we see difference?

[AAP] Ask a Philosopher - Question from Paul M Winchel

If someone must get somewhere good and valuable, even fully required, but must pass through a forest that travelling through it will leave that person twisted and broken, does that mean that the completed, good location itself is evil?

[AAP] Ask a Philosopher - Question from Yolanda

What does Thomas Nagel mean by "moral assessment?" specifically in his piece 'Moral Luck'?

[AAP] Ask a Philosopher - Question from Mark Amoah

"But should I obey God's law in the first place?"

How does Peter Geach answer this question?

Do you think he has a good answer and why?

[AAP] Ask a Philosopher - Question from James Chaytor

If, according to Deleuze, all change and movement is essentially differential or emergent, how does he distinguish between everyday change and the kind of creative or evolutionary change that surprises and delights us?

Any references would be great!

Answer by Georgios Tsagdis

[AAP] Ask a Philosopher - message from Geoffrey Klempner

This will be the new format for the 'Ask a Philosopher' questions page.

Questions will be forwarded to the askaphilosopher [AAP] e-list as soon as they are received and simultaneously posted at the following new address:


All the best,
Geoffrey Klempner


Pathways School of Philosophy

International Society for Philosophers

Books by Geoffrey Klempner

YouTube channel


[AAP] Ask a Philosopher - Question from Sierra Hinzman

Knowledge is a puzzling bottomless pit that much like our Universe seems endless yet confined. How can people test Knowledge without studying Philosophy? If people can test Knowledge without ever considering it Philosophically, then is Knowledge learned in school false if not all things taught are based in justified true belief?