[AAP] Ask a Philosopher - Question from Dylan M.

How can I develop a better way of reasoning or philosophizing? When I try to formulate my own philosophies, I get perplexed as my mentality is to be original. Many times I end up with thoughts that have been already formulated by other philosophers.

[AAP] Ask a Philosopher - Question from Jabr Alnoaimi

What is Philosophy?

I want to come up with a definition of philosophy as succinct as the definition of physics as the study of the nature of matter and energy at the most fundamental levels using rational thinking, observations and experimentation.

If I would venture to arrive at an equally concise definition of philosophy, I would say it is using logic and critical thinking to study articulated thoughts and questions about anything plus the construction of good arguments to answer fundamental questions not dealt with by any other field of expertise.

What do you think?

Answer by Hubertus Fremerey

[AAP] Ask a Philosopher - Question from Mia C. Barba

Why do some things work in theory but not in practice? Do some factors that practice include not accepted or included when forming a theory? Put simply, does putting a theory in practice always require values to be implemented, and if so, is this what can be a source of error in a theory, thus causing the disconnect?

Answer by Jürgen Lawrenz

[AAP] Ask a Philosopher - Question from Kennith Roulston

I have recently started a philosophy class and can't really grasp Kant's theory being applied to scenarios giving enough explanation. Any help would be very grateful. "You are the manager of a large shop and there's been a problem with goods being stolen. The company is losing money and action must be taken. You catch one employee taking a damaged good that wouldn't be getting sold anyway and when confronted he says that its the only thing he's stolen. The easiest solution to deter staff would be to make an example of the employee. You decide to name and shame the employee and sack them instantly without any wages".

The question reads; Give an explanation of how Kant's theory might be applied to this scenario?

[AAP] Ask a Philosopher - Question from Abdullah

Plato will argue that what is "outside the cave" are the true realities - Ideas which are eternal and unchanging, and that when we reflect we have access to these Forms, and that the Forms are therefore what we can know for certain, while the shadows in the cave are mere illusions, and con only yield opinion, a very low form of knowledge indeed.

What might you think of such a scheme?

Answer by Jürgen Lawrenz

[AAP] Ask a Philosopher - Question from elizabeth wright

What is your opinion of Hume's recommendation to authors on morality?

[AAP] Ask a Philosopher - Question from Daniel Roy

I am a psychology B.A. student interested in concepts. This has led me to explore what philosophers say about concepts - which can be confusing at times!

One view that seems widespread is that concepts are the components of propositions. However, I have also read philosophers saying that the components of propositions are properties.

So I am curious: what exactly are the components of propositions? Are they concepts or properties? And what is the relation supposed to be between concepts and properties?

Thanks for the help.

[AAP] Ask a Philosopher - Question from Hunter Stewart

How/ Why does Socrates/ Plato argue that real knowledge requires devaluing the senses/ material world and valuing the mind/ immaterial world?

[AAP] Ask a Philosopher - Question from Giovanni King

What discussions and developments concerning the concept of deity occurred during the time period before Socrates?

[AAP] Ask a Philosopher - Question from José

Arguments against pro-suicide according to the basis of negative utilitariamism?

[AAP] Ask a Philosopher - Question from José

How likely is it that someone will solve philosophy as a whole within our lifetime?

Answer by Geoffrey Klempner 

Answer by Peter Jones

Answer by Jürgen Lawrenz

[AAP] Ask a Philosopher - Question from Khole

Philosophically could we create magic - importing the laws of physics from a parallel universe making artificial elements that will create magic that we see in Fantasy using super AI in the future?

[AAP] Ask a Philosopher - Question from Derek James Spiller

I am 16 years old and teaching myself philosophy. I plan on becoming an cognitive experimental psychologist. I am currently developing my own philosophical thoughts and beliefs. I strongly believe that answering philosophical questions with logically sound, valid and truthful arguments that are without fallacies is most important. I got overwhelmed by attempting to answer a question of mine a few weeks back. Are human beings capable of knowing objective truth through our subjective experiences and if so, how much and what objective truth are we able to know? Any insight that you may have would be very appreciated because I do not even know how to begin to answer the question. I do not even know if it can be answered. Thank you for your time. It is much appreciated.

Answer by Hubertus Fremerey 

Answer by Jürgen Lawrenz

Answer by Björn Freter

[AAP] Ask a Philosopher - Question from Chris

What would drive a person to hurt another intentionally?

Answer by Geoffrey Klempner

[AAP] Ask a Philosopher - Question from Andrew Tulloch

What was Engels' main argument in 'The Origin of the Family, Private Property and the State'? And do modern anthropologists agree?

[AAP] Ask a Philosopher - Question from Charles Christopher

Please, can you briefly explain the paradigm shift of Thomas Kuhn.

Answer by Jürgen Lawrenz

[AAP] Ask a Philosopher - Question from Mia C. Barba

Hello, I am a student in middle school, and due to my unfortunate intellectual immaturity, I'm have trouble understanding dialectical materialism. I have two questions on the subject:

If you ever to look at, for example, Darwin's theory of evolution, through a dialectical materialism thought process, how would your opinion on the subject change?

Why was dialectical materialism created? Did it support a certain political perspective?

Hope to hear from you soon.

Answer by Jürgen Lawrenz

Answer by Paul Fagan

Answer by Martin Jenkins

[AAP] Ask a Philosopher - Question from Charles Christopher

Why did Kant say Hume woke him up from his dogmatic slumber? How did he address the challenge Hume posed in respect of the problem of causality? In what sense does this response constitute a basis for Kant's metaphysics?

Answer by Jürgen Lawrenz

Answer by Martin Jenkins

[AAP] Ask a Philosopher - Question from Göran Schill

Hi, I wonder if the constant inner monologue I have in my self-conscious mind suggests that there is only one part of myself. When I ask myself if I should grab a beer in the fridge, and I hear one voice saying "yes, nice, you deserve it" and another "no, go to the gym and work on your belly instead", and then there is a will inside me that decides to either close the fridge and go to gym, or open the beer, are these voices and this will just one single unit of myself, or are there two or even three parts of my self-conscious self? One reason I am asking is that I wonder if Plato's tripartite soul may be at work here: the appetitive (have a beer), the rational (go to gym) and the spirited (will to decide either). Or is this just amateurish hairsplitting?

Answer by Graham Hackett

Answer by Jürgen Lawrenz